The Department of Defence and the Australian Defence Force (ADF) together form one of the largest organisations in the country. Defence is a significant player in the innovation domain. In 2008-09 departmental appropriations will be $21,757.8m. The organisation consists of approximately 52,000 permanent members of the ADF, some 20,000 reservists, and approximately 21,600 civilian workers.
During 2006-2007 the DMO, a prescribed agency within Defence, signed some 3000 contracts valued at $100,000 or more, or roughly 10 such contracts every working day. Over the next decade Defence will spend around $100 billion on buying and maintaining military equipment.
Defence also has the second largest publicly funded research agency in the country, the Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO). The budget of DSTO is approximately $400m. The organisation has some 1650 degree qualified personnel of whom some 700 have PhDs.