This is the second of a series of annual reports on the performance of Australia’s National Innovation System. It provides new innovation metrics, analysis and where possible updates of baseline indicators established in the Australian Innovation System 2010 Report. Most of these indicators benchmark Australia’s innovation performance against other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries and track progress against the Australian Government’s priorities and targets.
The Australian Government’s ten year innovation agenda, Powering Ideas, promotes a systems approach to innovation policy and uses the term ‘national innovation system’. This acknowledges that innovation is about people: the knowledge, technology, infrastructure, rules and cultures they have created or learned; who they work with; and what new ideas they are experimenting with.