The Garnaut Climate Change Review was initiated by the then Leader of the Opposition, the Hon Kevin Rudd, and by the First Ministers of the eight states and territories of Australia. It was commissioned by the First Ministers on 30 April 2007. The Commonwealth joined the Review at the end of 2007.
The Review was required to examine the impacts of climate change on the Australian economy, and to recommend medium- to long-term policies and policy frameworks to improve the prospects of sustainable prosperity.
This draft report represents a detailed assessment of the implications of climate change for a single nation. It has built on the existing body of information in the fields of science and economics, and undertaken significant new work to illuminate the potential impacts on, and the most effective course of action for, Australia.
The weight of scientific evidence tells us that Australians are facing risks of damaging climate change. The risk can be substantially reduced by strong and early action by all major economies. Without that action, it is probable that Australians, over the 21st century and beyond, will experience disruption in their prosperity and enjoyment of life, and to longstanding patterns in their lives.
There is no doubt about the position of most reputed specialists in climate science, in Australia and abroad, on the risks of climate change (see Chapter 3). There is strong support for the mainstream science from the leaders of the relevant science academies in all of the major countries.